The Qur’an tells us that Muhammad’s coming was prophesied in the Bible (Qur’an 7:157). Thus, trying to justify the authenticity of his prophet-hood, Muslims often quote this passage among others from the Bible (John 14:16-17, 26 and John 15:26) and claim that the coming of Muhammad was indeed prophesied in the Bible.
Is this true?
Let’s examine this claim based on what the passage actually says:
I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee (Moses), and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. – Deuteronomy 18:18
Before analysing this verse, let’s show first the obvious. In the last part of this verse we see this, ‘and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.’ Contrast this to Jesus’ word in John 5:30, ‘I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgment is just; because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.’
Now, the analysis! This verse clearly shows:
1. This Prophet will be from among the Israelites, which Muhammad wasn’t. Muhammad was born in Arabia.
2. This Prophet will be “like” Moses.
None of these criteria fits Muhammad.
Muslims however try to liken Muhammad to Moses by saying that both of them were exiled. But what does that have anything to do with their calling (Prophet-hood)?
In the Bible (1 Kings 11:14-15), a man named Hadad was exiled too, but he wasn’t a prophet and his story is very similar to that of Muhammad’s.
So what does “like” Moses mean?
Deuteronomy 34:10-11 give us the answer,
“And there arose not a prophet since in Israel LIKE unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face, 11.In all the signs and the wonders, which the LORD sent him to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land”
Here we see the criteria of the Prophet likeMoses:
1/. He knows the Lord face to face.
2/. He performs miracles like Moses.
Again, none of these fits Muhammad since he didn’t know God face to face; neither did he perform any miracle. It was the “supposed” angel Gabriel who came to him and the Qur’an clearly states that he did not perform any miracle (Qur’an 28:48; 17:59; 6:37; 10:20…); though some Muslims try to say otherwise:
But (now), when the Truth has come to them from Ourselves, they say, “Why are not (Signs) sent to him, like those which were sent to Moses?” Do they not then reject (the Signs) which were formerly sent to Moses? They say: “Two kinds of sorcery, each assisting the other!” And they say: “For us, we reject all (such things)!” –Qur’an 28:48
Jesus, however, fits these descriptions perfectly well! Not only did He know God face to face (John 3:13; 5:17-45; 8:42; 17:5…) but He too performed miracles.
In fact, Jesus Himself affirmed that Moses wrote about Him:
45. Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father: there is one that accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye trust. 46. For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me. 47. But if ye believe not his writings, how shall ye believe my words? – John 5:45-47
…And that the Jews believed that Jesus was “that Prophet”(because of the miracles He performed):
And many of the Jews who knew what Moses wrote about the Prophet to come said, He (Jesus) was that Prophet, “Many of the people therefore, when they heard this saying, said, Of a truth this is the Prophet” – John 7:40
What about John the Baptist when he was asked whether or not he is that Prophet?
25. And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet? 26. John answered them, saying, I baptize with water: but there standeth one among you, whom ye know not; 27. He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe’s latchet I am not worthy to unloose…29. The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. 30. This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me.– John 1:25-30
John the Baptist proved to us that that Prophet is Jesus!
Peter, after the Resurrection of Jesus, while preaching to the Jews reaffirmed that Jesus is that Prophet:
20. And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you…22. For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. 23. And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people. 24. Yea, and all the prophets from Samuel and those that follow after, as many as have spoken, have likewise foretold of these days. –Acts 3:20, 22-24
There you have it! The prophet Moses prophesied in Deuteronomy 18:18 is the Lord Jesus Christ Himself. If we continue reading Deuteronomy 18, we’ll see that these passages actually prove Muhammad to be a false prophet:
But the prophet who speaks a word presumptuously in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that same prophet shall die.
We are given two criteria of a false prophet in this verse:
– If he speaks a word presumptuously in Yahweh’s name
– If he speaks in the name of other gods
These criteria fit Muhammad perfectly. He never spoke in the name of Yahweh and he promoted polytheism by encouraging people to pray to Al-Lat, Al-Uzza and Manat (three pagan goddesses):
19. Have ye seen Lat. and ´Uzza,
20. And another, the third (goddess), Manat? – Qur’an 53:19-20
Originally, these verses were about Muhammad promoting polytheism. According to the Muslim sources he practically had no followers at the beginning of his ministry. He longed for the pagans to embrace his message and thus told them that they were right in praying to these goddesses.
These verses originally say:
Have you not heard of Al-Lat, Al-Uzza and Manat, the third and the other? These are the exalted cranes whose intercession is to be hoped for.